feathers-mongoose is a database adapter for Mongoose, an object modeling tool for MongoDB. Mongoose provides a straight-forward, schema-based solution to model your application data. It includes built-in type casting, validation, query building, business logic hooks and more.

$ npm install --save mongoose feathers-mongoose

Getting Started

We can create Mongoose services like this:

const mongoose = require('mongoose');
const service = require('feathers-mongoose');

// A module that exports your Mongoose model
const Message = require('./models/message');

// Make Mongoose use the ES6 promise
mongoose.Promise = global.Promise;

// Connect to a local database called `feathers`

app.use('/messages', service({ Model: Message }));

Important: To avoid odd error handling behaviour, always set mongoose.Promise = global.Promise. If not available already, Feathers comes with a polyfill for native Promises.

ProTip: You can get acceess to Mongoose model via this.Model inside any hook and use it as usual.

See the Mongoose Guide for more information on defining your model.


The following options can be passed when creating a new Mongoose service:

  • Model (required) - The Mongoose model definition
  • id (default: _id) [optional] - The name of the id property
  • paginate - A pagination object containing a default and max page size (see the Pagination chapter)
  • lean (default: false) [optional] - When set to true runs queries faster by returning plain mongodb objects instead of mongoose models.
  • overwrite (default: true) [optional] - Updates completely replace existing documents.

Complete Example

Here's a complete example of a Feathers server with a messages Mongoose service.

$ npm install feathers feathers-rest body-parser mongoose feathers-mongoose

In message-model.js:

const mongoose = require('mongoose');

const Schema = mongoose.Schema;
const MessageSchema = new Schema({
  text: {
    type: String,
    required: true
  read: {
    type: Boolean,
    default: false
const Model = mongoose.model('Message', MessageSchema);

module.exports = Model;

Then in app.js:

const feathers = require('feathers');
const rest = require('feathers-rest');
const bodyParser = require('body-parser');
const mongoose = require('mongoose');
const service = require('feathers-mongoose');

const Model = require('./message-model');

// Tell mongoose to use native promises
// See
mongoose.Promise = global.Promise;

// Connect to your MongoDB instance(s)

// Create a feathers instance.
const app = feathers()
  // Enable REST services
  // Turn on JSON parser for REST services
  // Turn on URL-encoded parser for REST services
  .use(bodyParser.urlencoded({extended: true}))

// Connect to the db, create and register a Feathers service.
app.use('/messages', service({
  lean: true, // set to false if you want Mongoose documents returned
  paginate: {
    default: 2,
    max: 4

// Create a dummy Message
  text: 'Server message'
}).then(function(message) {
  console.log('Created message', message);

// Start the server.
const port = 3030;
app.listen(port, function() {
    console.log(`Feathers server listening on port ${port}`);

You can run this example by using npm start and going to localhost:3030/messages. You should see a paginated object with the message that we created on the server.


Version 3 of this adapter no longer brings its own Mongoose dependency, only accepts mongoose models and doesn't set up a database connection for you anymore. This means that you now need to make your own mongoose database connection and you need to pass in mongoose models changing something like

var MySchema = require('./models/mymodel')
var mongooseService = require('feathers-mongoose');
app.use('messages', mongooseService('message', MySchema, options));


var mongoose = require('mongoose');
var MongooseModel = require('./models/mymodel')
var mongooseService = require('feathers-mongoose');

mongoose.Promise = global.Promise;

app.use('/messages', mongooseService({
  Model: MongooseModel


Mongoose by default gives you the ability to add validations at the model level. Using an error handler like the one comes with Feathers your validation errors will be formatted nicely right out of the box!

Modifying results with the toObject hook

Unless you passed lean: true when initializing your service, the records returned from a query are Mongoose documents, so they can't be modified directly (You won't be able to delete properties from them).

To get around this, you can use the included toObject hook to convert the Mongoose documents into plain objects. Let's modify the after hook's setup in the feathers-hooks example, above, to this:

  all: [service.hooks.toObject({})]

The toObject hook must be called as a function and accepts a configuration object with any of the options supported by Mongoose's toObject method. Additionally, a second parameter can be specified that determines which attribute of hook.result will have its Mongoose documents converted to plain objects (defaults to data).

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